American Anti-Vivisection Society

The American Anti-Vivisection Society ( AAV ) is an organization created with the aim to eliminate a number of procedures performed by medical and cosmetic groups in relation to animal cruelty in the United States. It aims to help the improvement of wildlife and human-animal interaction through legislative reforms.


The American Anti-Vivisection Society was founded by Caroline Earle White in 1883 in Philadelphia. The group has been inspired by Britain recently passed Cruelty to Animals Act 1876th The community started with the aim to regulate the use of animals in science and society. After a few years changed the intent of the regulation for the complete abolition of vivisection in scientific tests. The first two members – Caroline Earle White and Mary Frances Lowell – worked with their men in Pennsylvania Society for the prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PSPCA), but felt that their capacity be expanded beyond what PSPCA had to offer, and in 1869, founded the women’s branch of the PSPCA ( today called women Humane Society).

The first American animal facilities were opened in the 1860s and 1870s, much to the dismay of animal judicial pioneers. Caroline White traveled to London to meet Frances Cobbe runs, the woman who led Victoria Street Society and had Cruelty Animals Act passed. Caroline White back in 1883, full of ideas after speaking with Cobbe, and turned WBPSPCA in the American Anti-Vivisection Society. After two years in the group tried to get legislation passed, proposed Bill to Restrict Vivisection, which was defeated. After getting a little exposure, many in the medical field began siding with AAV. Since then, the group has consistently worked to educate the public on matters related to animal cruelty and worked with the US federal government in passing legislation for animal rights. [1]



The biggest concern of the American Anti-Vivisection Society is the implementation of vivisection in medical tests. Vivisection is something experiment conducted on a topic that is still alive at the time of the procedure and, aside technicalities and procedural failures, still alive afterwards. But with some experimentation it will trial and error. Moreover, the advantage of an experiment age. Because basically is the anti-vivisection movement a moral struggle, it is difficult to define in concrete terms. Scientists claim that their tests possibly better all of humanity and often could argue that it is more important to risk the lives of animals if it means the betterment of the human race [ citation needed ] . Anti-vivisectionists claim that most Vivisection is unnecessary and likely work should be done with cell and tissue samples, see that vivisection is an obsolete form of experiment to begin with. [ Citation needed ] George Bernard Shaw said that “as a vivisection is experimental, it is not always or even often assured that the result of an operation will save any suffering at all.” [2]

There is a great debate between the Anti-Vivisection and researchers of the value of these scientific experiments. As the anti-vivisection movement was due to compassion towards animals (still do today), there is another aspect. That’s what Dr. Pietro Croce describes as the “new anti-vivisectionist” [3] a person whose reasoning to dissolve vivisection comes from medical and scientific point of view, there is a real danger of using animal-tested drugs on humans. As Dr. Croce says, “does not exist an experimental model of the human species.” [4] Which simply means that one can not expect results derived from animal biologically different from humans to be truly representative of something beneficial for the people [ citation needed ] .

Pound seizure

Different racketeers involved in something generally unheard called pound seizure. It is when someone takes cats and animals from the pound, sometimes pounds themselves and sell the animals to various test facilities. The animals are also required to be released to retailers for a time in a pound.This is seen as a substitute for euthanasia in many places and for a time was regarded as an ethical replacement. Because the animals in a pound that is healthy and non-aggressive is the most appreciated by laboratories for testing, they are also the most likely to be adopted by families. The AAV argue that because these animals could go to good homes instead of testing facilities, there should be prohibitions and restrictions on the pounds to provide dealers with these animals. Many states are beginning to enforce legislation to restrict and ban pound seizure. Washington, DC has adopted legislation to ban pound seizure August 4, 2008.

Animals patent

Given that animals undergoing testing is not human, many of them need to be genetically altered to simulate human ailments. When these animals are changing, the group that created them can get a government patent for this animal. So far, 660 [ citation needed ] have animal patents granted various testing facilities to create new animals bred for specific human diseases. The AAV has created Stop Animal Patents campaign and has already overturned two patents animals – rabbits are born with poor eyesight to simulate dry eyes and beagles bred with lung infections.

Cloning of animals

See also: List of animals that have been cloned

A newer concern of the organization is that the cloning of animals. Animal cloning has a 1-4 percent success rate, meaning that 96 to 99 percent of cloned animals trying dies or is never created [ citation needed ] . In January 2008, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) “concluded that meat and milk from cow, pig, and goat clones, and the offspring of any animal clones are as safe as food we eat every day.” [5]


The organization’s earliest publication was a journal created in 1892 with the title Journal of Zoophily. The newspaper informed its readers of the issues last vivisection and animal welfare “encouraged readers to support humane education and informed members of the association’s recent legislative initiatives.” The publication changed its name a number of times, from the Starry Cross in 1922, the 1939, and rests ultimately with AV Magazine A few years after that. The AAV has had radio shows, such as “Do you have a dog?” And isolated spots and advertising on radio and television. [1]


Education is one of the main points of the AAV and its mission. From the birth of the organization has aspect of education remains strong, not only just to inform the public about vivisection and other such medical procedures were, but also to teach children about the proper treatment of animals. Teaching humane treatment of animals not only helps the relationships between species, but also creates an improvement in ideology toward all beings. [ Citation needed ] As an animal rights activist Joseph Covino Jr writes, “a child who has been raised to recognize any harm or injustice to mistreat or do violence to a cat or a dog can never expect to think of anything wrong in abusing or doing violence to the slightly weaker but himself -. her own child might ” [6]

Animalearn was founded in 1990 and is AAV education department. The group intends to illustrate how science and biology can be taught in schools without the use of animals with dissection in the classroom. Animalearn conducts free workshops with teachers in the country to demonstrate how to teach science without the use of animals, and to try to incorporate animal-rights, in concept and practice, the curriculum and learning environment in the school environment. The group has created what they call the Science Bank, which is a program for “new and innovative life science software and educational products that make it possible for teachers and students to learn anatomy, physiology and psychology classes without harming animals or the Earth.” [7]


  1. ^ Jump up to: ab Santoro, Lily. “The history of the American Anti-Vivisection Society.”
  2. Jump up ^ Shaw (1951), p 1
  3. Jump up ^ Croce (1999), page 4
  4. Jump up ^ Croce (1999), p 12
  5. Jump up ^ “CVM and animal cloning.”
  6. Jump ^ Covino (1990), pages 5
  7. Jump up ^ “If Animalearn”.