Animal Liberation Leagues

Animal Liberation League was a network of animal welfare organizations operating in Britain in the 1980s. While the Animal Liberation Front specializing in illegal activity, mostly masked, at night, and involves a small number of people, consisted Animal Liberation Leagues coordinated raids, or “invasions” of a large number of people, mainly carried out during the day. [1]A journalist described the Animal Liberation leagues as “a sophisticated … development in the transition to direct action.” [2] Räder was often carried out at the same time as legal demonstrations.

Central Animal Liberation League

 

The central Animal Liberation League ( CALL ) was an animal rights organization based in central England that was active during the 1980s. Over a hundred animals were taken by this organization, mainly from animal testing centers. They also took documents and videos. The slogan of the call “the door when they least expect it.”

  • A fifteen-year-old rhesus monkeys called Beatrice was the only monkey ever taken from a British laboratory, through the CALL. She had been used in arthritis research.
  • Guinea pigs used in burn experiments were taken from a laboratory in Birmingham by CALL activists posing as a window cleaner.
  • A raid on the premises of Animal Supplies Ltd. London gathered van loads of documentation and found a refrigerator filled with decapitated heads of monkeys and bats.
  • Videos taken at Oxford University Park Farm showed rhesus monkeys that had been used in the eye experiments.
  • Experiments on rats, pigs, mice, rabbits, ferrets, ferrets, primates, pigeons and sheep were filmed at the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford.
  • Roebuck Farm in Hertfordshire was sacked in 1986. Documentation is here showed that primates had been delivered by the Windsor Safari Park, Chessington Zoo, and Ravenstone Zoo for use in experiments in places like Huntingdon Life Sciences.

Eastern Animal Liberation League

The Eastern Animal Liberation League ( EALL ) based in the East of England.

The most important measure EALL took place in August 1984. Unilever Research Laboratory in Bedford stormed by over two hundred animal rights activists and at the same time as a legal demonstration took place at the front. 25 people were later convicted of conspiracy to commit burglary and was sentenced to 41 years.

One of those convicted was Jill Phipps, who was killed in 1995 during a demonstration, when she was run over by a truck carrying calves for export of live trading. Jill’s mother, Nancy Phipps also doomed.

These huge losses to the animal rights movement led to the dismantling of EALL and a change in tactics.

Northern Animal Liberation League

The Northern Animal Liberation League was active in the north of England. Their campaign slogan was “over the wall when they least expect it.” [3] It is specialized in the mass invasion of daytime places such as animal laboratories to obtain photographs and other information, and in some cases animals were also removed.

  • In 1980, over a hundred animal rights activists invaded Babraham Agricultural Research Centre in Cambridge. They witnessed sights such as pigs with electrodes in their brains, cows with windows on the side of their stomachs and goats with udder grafted on their necks. Eighteen people were arrested. Film and media coverage of this raid is credited as a major exposé of the vivisection industry. [4]
  • Several dogs were removed from the University of Sheffield in 1980. NALL publicity that followed was one dog in particular called Blackie recognized by its previous owners and reunite with them.
  • In April 1984 three hundred Nall activists stormed the ICI laboratories in Alderley Edge in Cheshire. Several people were arrested and two detained.

South East Animal Liberation League 

This picture of a monkey with the word “crap” tattooed on his head was taken during a daylight raid in 1984 by Southeast Animal Liberation League, from the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) research facility in Kent. The RCS BUAV prosecuted for materials which are in the raid, leading to a £ 250 fine, overturned appeal. [5]

The South Eastern Animal Liberation League ( SEALL ) was in southeast England. It is specialized in mass daylight raids of places that animal research laboratories.

  • In 1983 there was a mass invasion of the Wellcome laboratories at Dartford, Kent. Office was broken into and documents away, but because the company wanted to avoid further publicity, no one was charged.
  • In August 1984 sixty SEALL activists conducted a daylight raid on Buxton Brown Research Farm of the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS), which is located in the village of Downe in the London Borough of Bromley. They revealed details of dental and dietary experiments performed on monkeys and other animals. The information received led to the Royal College of Surgeons to be prosecuted by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection to cause unnecessary suffering for a ten-year-old macaque monkey called Mone. They were fined £ 250. To get the indictment, activist Mike Huskisson had to admit to be present on the day and witnessing acts BING away. He was sentenced to prison for eighteen months. RCS conviction later overturned on a technicality.
  • Shamrock Farm, imported primates for experiments was the focus of a SEALL campaign.
  • The University of Surrey sacked by SEALL, but the only conviction was a woman who had taken out a dog from the laboratory.
  • In October 1984, SEALL conducted three simultaneous raids on animal laboratory in Hampshire. Because of their past success, had the police group under surveillance and were more prepared. Activists appeared at the APT Consultancy, Cottage Patch kennels and Wickham Laboratories. It achieved widespread press and nineteen people were arrested and charged, dubbed “Wickham 19”. Seven of them were later imprisoned for sentences of up to three years. This caused SEALL to dissolve.

References

  1. Hoppa upp^ Mann, Keith (2007)From Dusk ’til Dawn, London: PuppyPincherPress, s.74.
  2. Jump up ^ Henshaw, David (1989) Animal Warfare: The Story of Animal Liberation Front , London: Fontana.
  3. Jump up ^ Mann, Dusk, p. 74.
  4. Jump up ^ Mann, Dusk, p. 76.
  5. Jump up ^ Henshaw, David. Animals Warfare: The history of animal Liberation Front . HarperCollins, 1989, pp. 78-88, quoted in Garner, Robert. Animals, politics and morality . Manchester University Press, 2004, p. 236; see also Garner, p. 199. For details, see Vaughan, Claudette. “Mike Nunn Interview: strategies and tactics” [ permanently dead link ] , the champion Online , retrieved March 7, 2008.