Farm Animal Rights Movement

Farm Animal Rights Movement ( FARM ) is an international nonprofit organization that works to promote a vegan lifestyle and animal rights through education and grassroots outreach. [1] It operates ten national and international programs from its headquarters in Bethesda, Maryland.

FARM has a champion’s vision of a world where animals are free from all forms of exploitation of people, including food and clothing, research and testing, entertainment and hunting. FARM mission is to spare the greatest number of animals bred, abused and slaughtered for food, as it accounts for 98% of all animal cruelty and slaughter. [2] [3]

FARM was founded by Dr. Alex Hershaft 1976 Vegetarian Information Service to disseminate information about the benefits of a vegetarian diet. In 1981 it became Animal Reform Movement Farm [4] [5] by embracing veganism and the right of animals not used for food. In 2011 adopted the DBA Farm Animal Rights Movement to emphasize its commitment to end the use of animals for food, rather than just reforming its treatment.

History

In August 1975 Dr Alex Hershaft [6] [7] became involved in the vegetarian movement after participating in the World Vegetarian Congress in Orono, ME, and meet Jay Dinshah. [1] [8] [9]

1976 Hershaft founded Vegetarian Information Service (VIS) to disseminate information about the benefits of a vegetarian diet. The same year, he participated in the hearings before the Senate Committee on Nutrition and Human needs, which led to the publication of Dietary goals for the United States, and finally to the periodic publication of dietary guidelines for Americans. Then VIS testified before Congress in favor of the 1978 Consumer Nutrition Information Act and the Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1978. For

Thus the summer 1981 Hershaft organized Action For Life, a national conference in Allentown, PA, which effectively launched the American animal rights movement. Among the participants were such pioneers as animals legal Cleveland Amory, Ingrid Newkirk, Alex Pacheco, Peter Singer, Henry Spira, Gretchen Wyler, as well as radio host Thom Hartmann. These conferences went on for another seven years in San Francisco (1982), Montclair, NJ (1983), Los Angeles (1985), Chicago (1986), Cambridge, MA (1987) and Washington (1984 and 1991). [10]

Immediately after the 1981 conference Hershaft founded the Farm Animal Rights Movement (FARM) promoting a vegan lifestyle and animal rights. [11]FARM early program was Gentle Thanksgiving (1976), Action for Life conferences (1981-1991), Compassion Campaign (1982-1992), Veal Ban Campaign (1982-1986), World Farm Animals Day (1983), the Great American Meatout (1985), the letter from the Farm (1996), the second series of annual national conferences animals aside (1997), consumers of healthy alternatives in Children’s education (VAL) (1999-2009), Sabina Fund (1999), and Vegan Earth day (2001). [12] [13]

World Day for farmed animals

World Day for production animals was launched in 1983 (as World Farm Animals Day) to expose the abuse of livestock and memorialize billion cows, pigs and other innocent, sentient animals slaughtered for food in the world. The date chosen was October 2nd birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the world’s foremost advocate of nonviolence.

The occasion is observed every year with slaughterhouse protests and other dramatic events of hundreds of activists in the US and two dozen other countries. [14] [15]

World Day for production animals have been raised in the media [16] , including the Washington Post , [17] the Delaware line , [18] and the New York Daily News . [19]

Great American Meatout

Great American Meatout launched in 1985 to protest a US Senate resolution proclaiming the National Meat Week. [6] It has since grown into one of the world’s largest annual grassroots diet education campaign. The date March 20 is the first day of spring, symbolizing renewal and life-changing opportunity. [20]

The occasion is observed every year by hundreds of activists in the US and two dozen other countries with food samplings, flyers, information tables and other educational events. Visitors are asked to promise that they will kick the meat habit March 20 (first day). Special Meatout proclamations issued by 40 governors and 47 mayors of major US cities. [21] The Meatout campaign has received attention in the media, including Time , [22] the Huffington Post , [23]and the Los Angeles Times . [24]

10 billion Lives

The farm’s 10 billion Lives campaign pays people $ 1 to watch a four-minute video begins by noting the viewer’s respect for the unique personality of pets and parallel to production animals. [25] It continues with graphic factory farm and slaughterhouse images and closes by giving the viewer to change the horrors he / she just witnessed by promising a number of vegan days per week. [26] The video was shown at rock concerts and college campuses with a specially designed truck and mobile kiosks.

Each viewer gets a series of eight weekly introductions to veganism, then a week Meatout Mondays newsletter contains a recipe, product or book review, health news and human interest story. [27] This reflects Farms term “persistent vegan advocacy,” which refers to the first contact must be followed by weekly support to prevent regression.

Animals Forensic conferences

The farm’s 1981 first animal judicial conference laid the foundation for the American animal rights movement. Seven additional annual conference was followed, 1982 (San Francisco), 1983 (Montclair, NJ), 1984 (Washington, DC), 1985 (Los Angeles), 1986 (Chicago), 1987 (Cambridge, MA) and 1991 (Washington, DC). Between 1987 and 1996, the annual conferences are taken over by the National Alliance for the animals. [28] [29]

In 1997 FARM resumed management of the movement of animals aside the annual conferences, alternating locations between Washington, DC, and Los Angeles. A typical conference involves thousands of participants, 90 presenters from 60 organizations, hundreds of sessions, 90 exhibits, and several new video documentaries. [30] [31] [32]

Starting in 2000, the conference presenters are inducting an American Forensic Animal Hall of Fame national leaders, writers, or other important change agents who have made an outstanding contribution to the development of animal rights in the United States for at least ten years.

Legacy

Apart from the specific achievements of their own 14 programs (including the three closed ones), FARM has had a number of effects on the US Animal Rights Movement, in particular, and America’s eating habits and social justice advocacy in general:

  • The farm’s 1981 Action for Life conference provided a springboard for the formation of the American animal rights movement. The farm’s current annual conferences offer remains the only national networking opportunity for business leaders and activists.
  • FARM has been largely responsible for turning the American animal rights movement commissions from vivisection to livestock farming, which accounts for 98% of all animal abuse and killing. FARM veal Ban Campaign and World Farm Animals Day was first cultured animal advocacy programs in the US
  • The farm’s 10 billion lives, Vegan and Live Meatout Mondays programs have promoted vegan advocacy by recognizing that new vegans need ongoing support to avoid returning to the consumption of animal products.
  • FARM Great American Meatout was a precursor to similar annual grassroots diet education campaign at the American Heart Association, American Cancer Society, and the Center for Science in the Public Interest, as well as the 2003 revival of the Meatless Monday campaign by the Johns Hopkins Center for a livable future and 2009 Meat -Free Monday campaign Paul McCartney.
  • The farm’s Congressional testimony, participating in numerous national party platform hearing and conventions, and national polls by candidates for public office brought the concept of veganism and animal rights to key US lawmakers, managers and journalists. [33]
  • Equal Justice Alliance gives the concept of free advocacy of animal rights and other social justice issues to the highest levels of the US judicial system.

A number of animals aside the movement’s leaders got their start on the farm, including Gene Baur, Peter Link (organizer of the 1990 March for Animal Rights), [34] [35] Mike Markarian (Exec. VP, The Humane Society of the United States), Jack Norris ( founder of Vegan Outreach), Alex Pacheco, and Paul Shapiro.

Prominent supporters of the farm’s campaigns have included screen and television celebrities Ed Asner, Bob Barker, James Cromwell, Doris Day, Casey Kasem, Bill Maher, Mary Tyler Moore, Alicia Silverstone and Jane Velez Mitchell, as well as social reformers Cesar Chavez, Thom Hartmann, Michael Jacobson, Frances Moore Lappe, Heather Mills, and Jeremy Rifkin.

Animal Charity Evaluators Review

Animal charity evaluator animal charity evaluator has named FARM that Standout charity in their May 2014 and December 2014 reviews. [36] The December 2014 review says that the FARM openness to change based on new evidence, their stable leadership and organizational structure, and transparency are all reasons for their choice as a standout charity. [36]

References 

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab “Holocaust survivors leading group of animals aside Alex Hershaft plunging into cause” Baltimore Sun . Pulled 02/02/2014.
  2. Jump up ^ Lawrence & Susan Finsen. Animal rights movement in America . Twayne Publishers, 1994; p. 87.
  3. Jump up ^ Norm Phelps. The Longest Struggle . Lantern Books, 2004; pp. 190, 226.
  4. Jump up ^ “Farm Animal Rights Movement (FARM)” About.com. Pulled 02/02/2014.
  5. Jump up ^ “Farm Animal Reform Movement (farm)” charitable choice. Pulled 02/02/2014.
  6. ^ Jump up to: ab “mastermind behind the Great American Meatout” VegNews . Pulled 02/02/2014.
  7. Jump up ^ “24 Carrot Award” Vegetarians in Paradise . Pulled 02/02/2014.
  8. Jump up ^ Lawrence & Susan Finsen. Animal rights movement in America . Twayne Publishers, 1994; p. 75
  9. Jump up ^ Norm Phelps. The Longest Struggle . Lantern Books, 2004; pp. 190, 222.
  10. Jump up ^ Lawrence & Susan Finsen. Animal rights movement in America . Twayne Publishers, 1994; p. 76.
  11. Hoppa upp^ Norm Phelps, “The Longest Kamp,” Lantern Books, 2004; s. 223.
  12. Jump up ^ Lawrence & Susan Finsen. Animal rights movement in America . Twayne Publishers, 1994; p. 121st
  13. Jump up ^ Norm Phelps. The Longest Struggle . Lantern Books, 2004; pp. 226-227.
  14. Jump up ^ Lawrence & Susan Finsen. Animal rights movement in America . Twayne Publishers, 1994; pp. 121-122.
  15. Jump up ^ Norm Phelps. The Longest Struggle . Lantern Books, 2007; p. 226.
  16. Jump up ^ “Toronto Pig Save protest brutality at Downtown meat packer” Bulletin . Pulled 02/03/2014.
  17. Jump up ^ “animal rights activists to protest against agricultural Dept.” the Washington Post . Pulled 02/03/2014.
  18. Jump up ^ “animal rights activists to protest to Perdue” Delaware Online . Pulled 02/02/2014.
  19. Jump up ^ “animal rights activists protesting meat market lives in Queens” New York Daily News . Pulled 02/03/2014.
  20. Jump up ^ “Celebrate the Great American Meatout” VegKitchen. Pulled 02/02/2014.
  21. Jump up ^ “Michigan Meatout Day draws scorn” UPI. Pulled 02/02/2014.
  22. Jump up ^ “The Meatless (and less meat) Revolution,” Time . Pulled 02/02/2014.
  23. Jump up ^ Ellen Kanner. (15 March 2010), “The Great American Meatout puts Kindness in the” Huffington Post . Pulled 02/02/2014.
  24. Jump up ^ “More vegans, vegetarians fuel meatless market. Soy burger anyone? ” The Los Angeles Times . Pulled 02/02/2014.
  25. Jump up ^ “FARM campaign pays viewers $ 1 to watch graphic anti-meat video” LA Times . Pulled 02/03/2014.
  26. Jump up ^ “push New animal judicial pay people to watch disturbing videos” Sacramento Bee . Pulled 02/03/2014.
  27. Jump up ^ “Animal Rights Group pays people to watch Propaganda” Beef Magazine . Pulled 02/03/2014.
  28. Jump up ^ Lawrence and Susan Finsen Finsen. The Animal Rights Movement in America: From Compassion to respect . Twayne Publishers, 1994; pp. 75-76.
  29. Jump up ^ Norm Phelps. The Longest Struggle . Lantern Books, 2007; p. 222.
  30. Jump up ^ Norm Phelps. The Longest Struggle . Lantern Books, 2007; pp. 274-275.
  31. Jump up ^ “Animal Rights Backers converge in Va.” By Abhi Raghunathan, Washington Post , Thursday, July 5, 2001; Page B03.
  32. Jump up ^ (17 August 2008) “Animal Advocate represents a Vegetarian World” The Washington Post . Pulled 02/03/2014.
  33. Jump up ^ Lawrence & Susan Finsen. Animal rights movement in America . Twayne Publishers, 1994; pp. 84th
  34. Jump up ^ Lawrence and Susan Finsen Finsen. The Animal Rights Movement in America: From Compassion to respect . Twayne Publishers, 1994; p. 72.
  35. Jump up ^ Norm Phelps. The Longest Struggle . Lantern Books, 2007; pp. 249-250.
  36. ^ Jump up to: ab “Farm Animal Rights Movement Review”. Animal charity evaluator. Retrieved September ten, 2015.