Justice Department (animal rights)

The Justice Department ( JD ) was founded in the UK by animal rights activists who said they were willing to use a diversity of tactics until violence against his opponents. Initially require “users to have but a taste of fear and anxiety their victims to suffer on a daily basis” , established activists a separate idea from adhering to the Animal Liberation Front’s (ALF) guidelines for nonviolent resistance similar to that of animals aside ~ ~ POS = TRUNC militia ~~ POS = HEAD COMP (ARM). [1]

The first recorded action took place during Christmas 1993, when the pipe bombs in poster tube sent to the Shamrock Farm, a supplier of primates in animal experiments. The group had formed the conductor resistance model ALF, which consists of small, independent, secret cells acting independently. [2] Members of the Justice Department believed to be both supporters of the far-right and far left as engaged in a common interest, which is animal rights. [3]

The name has also been used in the US, with activists claiming hundreds of attacks in Britain against animal testing companies, their suppliers, animal scientists, hunters (including the royal family), and even the British National Party HQ. [2] [4] [5] [6] [7] By sending explosives and razor blades in the post, leaving incendiary devices on the shelves, The Independent noticed political violence “the most persistent and sophisticated bombing campaign in the UK mainland because the IRA was at its height . ” [8] with the FBI declaring them to be ” the most dangerous animal activists in operation “.

Philosophy

Manifesto

“The Animal Liberation Front achieved what other methods are not simultaneously pursue nonviolence. A separate idea was stated that the adopted animal abusers had been warned long enough. … It’s time for the drug to have but a taste of fear and anxiety their victims to suffer on a daily basis. ” [1] [7]

Structure

The group was formed in the same conductor resistance model ALF, which consists of small, independent, secret cells acting independently. A cell can consist of just one person. The name is used as a tag to claim responsibility for supporters of the Department of Justice the concept, rather than to signify a real and effective organization. The animal liberation movement in the 1990s believed that there are less than 30 people as part of the Department, working in separate cells of five or fewer people, living a normal life, normal jobs and an unusually stereotype of a squatter.

In The Independent newspaper, it was claimed that the Justice Department considered “terrorist wing” of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). Some ALF activists reject the association, tells the magazine: “. You can not be in favor of animal rights and simultaneously attack people because at the end of the day people are animals, too “

In 1995, security forces grew concerned about not only the scale of the campaign, but also sophisticated activists. The technology used in bomb-making compared to that of the IRA, with hoax bombs designed to scare the public, rather than harm, although it can sometimes maiming or killing. At the time Deputy Commissioner John Howley, overall responsibility for both the Special Branch and the Anti-Terrorist Branch, claimed that it was not terrorism because there was no clear motive to overthrow the government. [8]

Philosophy

The presence of activists calling themselves the Justice Department or the Animal Rights Militia (ARM), another name used by violent activists reflects a struggle within the radical movement of animals aside generally between those who believe violence is justified, and those who insist the movement should reject it in favor of nonviolent resistance. [9] Moreover, criticism from the usual movement of animals judicial involves comparing animal rights and the struggle to abolish slavery and liberate women, as League Against Cruel Sports think is “stupid and naive” . [8]

While the ALF is a non-violent group, Robin Webb has noted that while some people may be involved in actions staged by the Department of Justice, ALF and ARM, then: [10]

self extensional

Steven Best has coined the term “extensional self-defense” to describe the actions carried out in defense of animals by people who act as “proxy agents.” [11] He claims that in the performance of acts of extensional self-defense, activists have the moral right to conduct sabotage or violence. [11] extensional self-defense is justified, he writes, because animals are “so vulnerable and oppressed they can not fight back to attack or kill their oppressors.” [12] Best argues that the principle of extensional self defense mirrors the penal code statues known as ” necessity defense “, which can be invoked when a defendant believes that the illegal act was necessary to avoid imminent and great harm. [12] In testimony to the Senate in 2005, explained Jerry Vlasak that he considered violence against Huntingdon Life Sciences as an example of extensional self-defense. [13]

direct actions

1993

The first recorded Justice Department action took place during Christmas 1993, when two foot-long poster tube with explosives sent to the Shamrock Farm, a supplier of primates for experiments; the efforts that claimed HIV-infected needles. Eleven more devices was captured by Special Branch at the sorting office with one that was not recovered. It targeted Director of GlaxoSmithKline in Hereford, who was also a member of the RSPCA’s animal Advisory Board and the Institute of Animal technologies afford. He opened the package that exploded in his face. A few days later the group targeted Boots in Cornwall publicly that they had replaced the products on their shelves with devices. Boots issued a warning to its eleven hundred stores after a customer bought one of the products and contacted the police who deactivated the device. [2]

1994

Activists who work as the Justice Department has sent letter bombs and poisoned envelopes rigged with razor blades. [4] In 1994, a rat trap equipped with razor sent to Prince Charles when he took his sons on their first foxhunt. Tom King, a former defense minister), sent an incendiary bomb, which failed to explode, after he defended foxhunting during a debate in parliament. Michael Howard, the interior minister at the time, also had one.

Soon after, the group set fire to two boats belonging to the owner of Garetmar Kennels (formally known as Cottage Patch) in Hampshire and sent two films disguised as incendiary devices to the Boots store in Cambridge, who was captured, and another to the British National Party (BNP) HQ south London, wounding Alfred Waite. [5] A new round of the units of the now quite violent group claimed to be increasingly sophisticated and randomly again injured personnel, this time for the shipping company Stena Sealink, who was attacked in Gloucestershire, Oxford, Edinburgh and Kent, in connection with the export of live trading. This resulted in the ferry company engaged in the export of live pull out because of fear for their staff and their safety. [6] Blood Sports enthusiast and hunt champion Nick Fawcett was also one of the main objectives of the Department of Justice who receive multiple JD packages, with two police blows up outside his home. [8]

1995

Ministry of Justice in April then accused of sending four letter bombs from London to leading politicians William Waldegrave (then Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food) and once to Tom King (a former defense minister), a fur store in Glasgow and an animal testing company in Edinburgh. Mr Waldegrave was directed at his family farm in Chewton Mendip, Somerset, but the device was discovered by a postman and removed by a bomb disposal teams. This was due to his apparent lack of action to ban the live export trade and veal crates, with booby-trapped razor sent to his home in January threatening letters and protests from animal rights activists. The campaign was condemned by Compassion in World Farming, while Mr. Waldegrave dismiss the actions as “stupidity”. The other bombs were stopped at Westminster, a mail room and fur companies in a controlled explosion. [14]

1996

In January, the group claimed responsibility for sending envelopes with sheets soaked in rat poison to 80 researchers, hunting guides and others in the United States, and in British Columbia and Alberta, Canada. [7] David Barbarash, a Vancouver-based activist who became the North American spokesman for the Animal Liberation Front, were charged in connection with the attacks, but the case against him was dropped. [6] threats conducted in March by the Department claimed that send out 87 more booby-trapped envelopes. [15] The letter said: “It is unfortunate such drastic measures must be taken, but in war, people die,” “And we have not even started yet.” . [16]

1999

In August, after a few years of inactivity, sent a US-based group razor blade and a picture of a bomb from New York to Knox County Mink Farm, Ohio. Earlier targeted by the ALF in 1996 when they release 8000 from the premises, warned the yard they had a year to “get out of the bloody fur trade” and release all their mink, signed by the Ministry of Justice Anti-Fur Task Force . [17] In October the group had prepared 83 envelopes containing razor blades and a sharply worded warning, sent from Las Vegas, urging primate researchers in Oregon to finish its work in the autumn of 2000. They were warned; “If you do not heed our warning, your violence will be turned back on you.” Of the activists. No injuries have been reported from the attacks, but the FBI quickly classified them as the most dangerous animal activists in operation. The packages were received by researchers from UCSF, Stanford University, University of Washington, Tulane University and elsewhere. A special agent noticed activity animal enterprise terrorism. [18]

2010

A new round of threats was investigated by the FBI in November after the Justice Department UCLA claimed that they sent HIV infected razors to UCLA neurologist, animal researchers and speech research member David Jentsch. He got razor blades and a threatening note, law enforcement claims. The North American Animal Liberation Press Office wrote an anonymous communiqué from the group, which claimed they carried out the action because Jentsch uses primates for government-funded testing of drug abuse. Since 2006, the activists claimed the number of cases of sabotage, vandalism, criminal damage and firebombing against UCLA faculty or property, on and off campus, including Animal Liberation Brigade setting fire to his car in March 2009. According to the university study Jentsch methamphetamine addiction and tobacco dependence in teenagers and cognitive disabilities affecting schizophrenia patients, with a large part of its work is funded by the National Institutes of Health. [19]

Video bomber sentenced

Regarding video covert units that were sent to Stena Sealink, a Coventry man Guerjeet Aujla, was arrested by the Anti-Terrorist Squad and was classified as a Category A prisoner and the Justice Department bomber for clues found in his bedroom that connects him to the devices. In case the judge held that he was not responsible for the other attacks, only the shipping company, and that his guilty plea showed genuine remorse. He was sentenced to six years in prison, the lowest possible sentence the judge could pass on the attacks that caused damage to individuals. [20]

Notes 

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab It’s war! Escalating battle between activists and the corporate-state complex, Best, Steven , essays.
  2. ^ Jump up to: abc Mann, Keith. From Dusk ’til Dawn: An insider’s view of the growth of the animal liberation movement . Puppy Pincher Press, 2007, pp. 502-503.
  3. Jump up ^ “animal rights, terror.” BBC News. 30 August 2000.
  4. ^ Jump up to: ab “animal rights terrorist”, BBC News The 30 August 2000.
  5. ^ Jump up to: a b Mann, Keith. From Dusk ’til Dawn: An insider’s view of the growth of the animal liberation movement . Puppy Pincher Press, 2007, p. 503.
  6. ^ Jump up to: abc Mann, Keith. From Dusk ’til Dawn: An insider’s view of the growth of the animal liberation movement . Puppy Pincher Press, 2007, pp. 503-504.
  7. ^ Hoppa upp till:a b c d “Från push to shove” , Southern Poverty Law Group Intelligence Report , Fall 2002, s.3.
  8. ^ Jump up to: abcde Nocturnal creatures of violence, The Independent, November 1, 1995.
  9. Jump up ^ Lee, Ronnie. Controversial measures, No Compromise (magazine) , issue # 23.
  10. Jump up ^ “Stay on Target and Going the Distance: An interview with UKALF Press Officer Robin Webb.” No compromise (22). Retrieved 2006-05-23.
  11. ^ Jump up to: ab Best, Steven. “Gaps in Logic, lapses in policy: rights and Abolitionism in Joan Dunayer’s Speciesism” drstevebest.org .
  12. ^ Jump up to: ab Best, Steven. “Who’s Afraid of Jerry Vlasak?”, Animal Liberation Press Office .
  13. Jump up ^ Miller, John J. “in the name of the animals: America faces a new kind of terrorism,” National Review, July 3, 2006.
  14. Jump up ^ Penman, Danny. Moyes, JoJo. The ministers targeted by letter bomb. Independent April 65th 1995.
  15. Jump up ^ Fur retailers receive warnings, The Record – Kitchener, Ont March 8, 1996.
  16. Jump up ^ Pynn, Larry. Fur retailers warned of booby-traps in the post, spectator – Hamilton, Ont. On March 8, 1996.
  17. Jump up ^ Leigh Norman. Farmers get razor threats, The Vindictor August 16, 1999.
  18. Jump up ^ Mehren, Elizabeth. Scientists get letters with razor blades, warnings, The Daily Gazette October 28, 1999.
  19. Jump up ^ Martinez, Michael. AIDS infected razors to animal researcher, CNN November 24, 2010.
  20. Jump up ^ Mann, Keith. From Dusk ’til Dawn: An insider’s view of the growth of the animal liberation movement . Puppy Pincher Press, 2007, pp. 504-505.